Thème : Récits de voyage
Index thématique -> Généralités -> Récits de voyage
1 No d'identification : 24060 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) En 1808 aux forges du Saint-Maurice, (citation) "The
works are conducted by a superintendant and two clerks, with a
foreman to each branch of the business".
(Citation) "Forty of fifty horses are employed, and upwards of
300 men, more or less, according to the work in hand. They make
use of charcoal only, for melting the ore; and the neighbouring
woods supply them with abundance of fir and pine for that
purpose. It is reckoned superior to mineral coal for the use of
the furnace. A great portion of men are employed in making the
charcoal and carting it to the works, digging ore, and conducting
the batteaux on the St-Maurice to and from the store at Three
Rivers".

Référence
John Lambert, Travels through Canada, s.l., s.n., 1813.

2 No d'identification : 24061 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Aux forges du Saint-Maurice en 1808, l'observateur note
que les travailleurs (citation) "make about 1000 stoves per
annum; the small single stoves sell for 3 L. and the larger sort
for 6 L. each. The double stoves, which have an oven at the top,
are sold for 10 or 12 L. according to the size. Potash kettles
sell from 20 to 25 L. each".
(Citation) "Fresh veins of ore are daily discovered, land
purchased at a trifling price of the people in whose land it is
found. Messrs. Munro and Bell had incurred great expense in
collecting ore and improving the works at the expiration of their
lease in 1806, and would have given 1 200 L. per annum, it is
said, rather than it should hâve gone into other hands.
(Résume) La même année, soit en 1808 l'observateur note que
(citation): "The present proprietors of the works, at the
commencement of their taking them, in order to push the sale of
their bar iron, which was at that time inconsiderable, purchased
a large stock of very inferior British iron, and knowing that the
Habitants regarded the price more than the quality, they sold it
to them for a trifle less than the Three-Rivers iron (. .)".

Référence
John Lambert, Travels through Canada, s.l., s.n., 1813 : 487-488.

3 No d'identification : 24062 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Aux forges du Saint-Maurice, en 1808, (citation) "The
workmen are paid according to the quantity of work they perform.
The forges are going night and day, and the men are relieved
every six hours. But at the foundry, only the men employed in
supplying the furnace work in the same manner; those who cast and
finish the stoves, etc., work from sun-rise to sun-set, which is
the usual time among French Canadians all the year round; a great
advantage is therefore derived by carrying on any work in summer
instead of winter. The workpeople are chiefly French Canadians, a
few English only, being employed in making models, and as foremen
or principal worken. The iron work is sent to the store at Three
Rivers in batteaux, and shipped by Mr. Graves to Quebec, or
Montreal, as required; or sold to the people in the
neighborhood".

Référence
John Lambert, Travels through Canada, s.l., s.n., 1813 : 487-488.

4 No d'identification : 24063 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) En 1808, le chemin qui mené aux "ironworks" est décrit
de la façon suivante: (citation) "The road to them is through the
woods, at the back of the town, over and elevated sandy soil(...)
(Résumé) Sur le site des forges du St-Maurice en 1808, on
retrouve: (citation): "The manufactories, the furnaces, forges,
and work-shops; the barns, stables, and out-houses; the
habitations of the superintendant and work people belonging to
the establishment, vith their little gardens and plantations,
form altogether a small town". (...) There is one foundry, with a
large furnace for the purpose of casting stove plates, potash
bettles, machinery for mills, etc."
Selon l'observateur, (citation) "the process of modelling and
casting is conducted with much skill". (...) "The man dipped
their ladles into the melted ore, and carried it from the furnace
to the moulds, with which the floor of the foundry was covered".

Référence
John Lambert, Travels through Canada, s.l., s.n., 1813 : 484-485.

5 No d'identification : 24064 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Aux forges de Batiscan, (citation) "The articles
manufactured here consist of cast-iron, stove-plates, pots,
kettles, and other domestic ustensils."
(Résumé) À propos des forges de Batiscan, (citation) "At present,
am told, it is a losing concern, and two of the partners have
latelv withdrawn their shares".

Référence
John Lambert, Travels through Canada, s.l., s.n., 1813 : 248 et 461.

6 No d'identification : 24069 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "A visiter to the St Maurice Iron Works reported in
1828 that some of the pig manufactured there was sent to a small
foundry in Trois Rivières which was equipped with two cupola
furnaces and a moulding shop. There the iron was remelted and
ist into items in popular demand, such as stoves, kettles, and boat
gear."

Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 5-6.

7 No d'identification : 24081 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) La conversion du "cast iron" en "wrought iron" cause
certains problèmes. On ignore, selon l'auteur, quand et comment
la première conversion fut effectuée, mais on suppose que les
Wallons (de Belgique), qui ont d'ailleurs donné leur nom au
Walloon furnace and Walloon process" en furent les instigateurs.
(Citation) "When the St Maurice Iron Works began production, two
Walloon hearths were constructed to make wrought iron out of the
"pigs", or moulds, cast from the molten iron of the blast
furnace. Pigs for the Walloon hearth were long, and the Royal
Inspecter of Fortifications, visiting the St Maurice Works in
1752, noted that a pig cast during his visit vas fifteen feet
long".
Commentaire: Le texte donne des informations sur les fonctions du
"pig" et sur le "Walloon process".

Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 3.

8 No d'identification : 24845 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) L'article relate la visite du site des Forges L'Islet
en août 1975. L'auteur fait une description de l'état actuel du
site, des installations (habitations, four à charbon, etc.) et des
structures industrielles.
Des Forges L'Islet il ne reste plus rien sinon la maison
principale qui a subi plusieurs modifications.
Les fours à charbon qui se trouvaient à l'ouest de la maison
principale consistaient en un bâtiment de brique, dirigé
nord-sud, d'environ 60 x 25 a 30 pieds. Ces fours à charbon
s'apparentent à ceux d'Hoperwell Village en Pennsylvanie ou à
Portneuf.
Mis à part les fours, les autres structures étaient "situées le
long du ruisseau l'Islet en contrebas de la pente."
II y aurait eu d'autres constructions près des forges. Une
chapelle aurait été érigée sur le coté sud de la route, près de
celle-ci on retrouvait un bâtiment qui pourrait être un hangar ou
une halle, au nord de la chapelle se trouvent les fondations
d'une maison, au nord de la route et à l'est de la maison
principale, d'autres maisons auraient été construites.

Référence
Pierre Drouin, Visite aux Forges L'Islet, s.l., Parcs Canada, 1975, août : 6.