1 No d'identification : 24072 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Joseph Van Norman, proprietor of the important works
at Normandale in Upper Canada (...) deserves particular
attention, primarily because [Van Norman's name] was one of the
most important iron works of the day and because of his important
contributions to the design and manufacture of Canadian stoves.
(Résumé) Van Norman works established subsidiary foundries in
Toronto and other communities so that his wares could be
manufacturee nearer the market".


Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 7.

2 No d'identification : 24075 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "These important changes in iron technology may be
illustrated by reference to the Acadia Iron Works, where a
charcoal-burning blast-furnace vas erected in 1853. It produced
iron until 1874, consuming about 160 bushels of charcoal for each
on of pig iron made from local ore".


Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 6.

3 No d'identification : 24124 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Dans son rapport de 1690, M.E. Gilpin, fils,
inspecteur des mines de la province, parle comme suit de
l'industrie du fer à la Nouvelle-Écosse: "Les opérations de la
Londonderry Co. ont été très actives tant à la mine qu'à l'usine.
On a construit ici des fours de grillage dans lesquels l'on a
traité une grande quantité de minerai de fer spathique. Cette
méthode rend le minerai plus fusible et permet d'en tirer une
beaucoup plus grande quantité de fer".

Référence
Com. Geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel pour l'année 1890-91, Ottawa, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1893 : 87.

4 No d'identification : 24167 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "L'ouverture d'un haut fourneau à Hamilton, par
l'Hamilton Blast Furnace Co. a donné un nouvel essor à
l'exploitation des mines de fer dans cette province. M. L.L.
Brophy, qui a visité le fourneau dans l'automne 1896, écrit ce
qui suit dans le Rapport sommaire du directeur de la Commission:
"Ses fournaux [sic] ont été allûmés le 31 décembre 1895, bien qu'il
n'ait été fabriqué de fer en gueuse que quelques semaines plus
tard. Cependant, la production n'a pas cessé depuis". (pp.
64-65)
(Résumé) Le coke est utilisé comme combustible et on se le
procure aux États-Unis. Le minerai provient du Canada et des
États-Unis.

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1896, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1898 : 64-65.

5 No d'identification : 24170 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Les fourneaux de la Londonderry Iron Co. et de la
Pictou Charcoal Iron Co. Limited, sont restés éteints durant
l'année, le haut fourneau, les fours à chaux, l'outillage, etc.,
de cette dernière compagnie ayant été loués à la Minéral Products
Co. de New York, qui se propose de faire du ferro-manganèse. De
nouvelles constructions, des fours à chaux, etc., ont été élevés,
et l'on s'attend que les fourneaux seront en activité à une date
rapprochée".

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1897, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1901 : 84.

6 No d'identification : 24186 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The Montreal Steel Works of Montreal, Canada, are now
equipped with two 15 gross-ton acid open-hearth steel furnaces, a
second furnace having been added in 1903. The 3,000 pound modified
Bessemer converter with which the plant is also equipped, was not
operated in 1903. The works produce steel castings".

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1904, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1906 : 68.

7 No d'identification : 24198 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Company, Limited, of
New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, has completed a new coke blast furnace
at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia. The furnace vas first blown in on
August 30, 1904. It is 85 X 17 feet, is equipped with four
Roberts stoves, and has an annual capacity of about 75 000 tons
: forge and basic pig iron. The furnace is also equipped with
one pig iron casting machine".

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1904, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1906 : 68.

8 No d'identification : 24214 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) It is an acknowledged fact that a time of depression
in the United States is nearly always followed (generally
speaking, a year later), by a period of dull Limes throughout
Canada. 1895 has been no exception to this general rule, but
thanks to the moderate dividing wall afforded by our System of
protection to native entreprises, we have been preserved from any
such panic as the markets of the neighboring Republic expenenced
in 1894, and the solid financial condition of Canada has been the
subject of favorable discussion in the money markets of the
world. This has been true of ail important Canadian industrial
enterprises. In the iron department our operations have been
carried on upon a safe basis. Most of the furnace companies have
restricted themselves during the year to comparatlvely short
campaigns, being wise enough to suit thé output to thé times. In
the face of this the record for 1895 is creditable, and now
starting the new year, 1896, with comparatlvely light stocks at
the various furnaces, and with a knowledge that the new 100-ton
per day Hamilton furnace can be depended upon for the coming
year, it is safe to predict that 1896 will prove the banner year
of the iron industry in Canada, so far as the past is concerned,
and the beginning of a new and more vigorous existence in the
metallurgical history of our country".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 11.

9 No d'identification : 24215 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Nova Scotia Steel Co., New Glasgow and Ferrona, N.S.

Tons Lbs
Coke pig iron made 19 410 1440
Ore Charged 38 783 1520
Fuel 28 110 1560
Flux 16 304 1920

Labor employed in steel works 450 mens
In ore production 100 mens
In furnace work 250 mens

This compagny manufacture all grades of agricultural implement
steel, forgings, etc., the basis of which is very largely
"Ferrona" iron, made from Canadian ore, so that the utmost
possible amount of labor is secured to the country in the spécial
lines now made by this company".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 11.

10 No d'identification : 24216 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Londonderry Iron Co. Ltd.

Tons Lbs
Coke pig Iron made 17 744 320
Ore charged 41 557 1220
Fuel charged-coke 25 264 1920
Fuel charged-coal 3088 1920
Cast iron water and
gas pipe produced 2110 160

Average number of men employed : 425
Furnace output of 1895, campaign 8 months. Pipe foundry campaign, 7 months

It is a notable fact that the tariff revision of session 1894, by
which a duty (on a sliding scale), was imposed on wrought scrap
iron, has already resulted in the Londonderry Iron Co. making
contracts with Canadian manufacturers of bar iron which is
enabling them to start up their rolling mills. The work is just
commencing in this department, and will afford steady employment
to a large number of Canadians".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 11.

11 No d'identification : 24218 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) À propos de la Canada Iron Furnace co, (Citation) "A
portion of the output of the furnace is used for the manufacture
of the highest class of railway car wheels, at the company's
auxiliary works at Lachine, Que., where a further staff of about
50 men are employed, and in addition it may be said that ail the
railway companies in Canada are now using the Canada Iron Furnace
Co's metal as the basis of mixtures for standard car wheels. It
will be gratifying to Canadians to know that the high quality of
this special metal, as demonstrated by its great strenght and
splendid chilling qualities, has so far attracted the attention
of foreign engineers that the company has been enabled to open a
foreign trade during the past year, and it is now shipping iron
regularly into the Pittsburgh market, where the metal is used for
very special qualities of work. In addition to this, important
shipments have recently been made from Radnor Forges to the
European market. While this trade is not a large one as yet, it
proves that the quality of the iron made in Canada is
unsurpassed, and is another reason why we should carefully build
up our national industry".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

12 No d'identification : 24220 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Pictou Charcoal Iron Co., Bridgeville, N.S. The
returns of output have not yet been filed, but a very notable
point in connection with the operations of this company is that
it is just on the point of installing a steel converting plant,
and will use the largest portion of the output in that way,
finishing it into the highest quality of agricultural implement
steel for the home market. This is a striking illustration of the
effect of the Dominion Act of 1694, which provided for the
payment of a bounty of 12 per ton on ail steel billets
manufactured in Canada from Canadian pig iron".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

13 No d'identification : 24222 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Specifie as against ad valorem duty. As far as
pig-iron is concerned, a specifie duty is the only fair and
sensible basis. In the first place it is the simplest to apply;
and does avay with possibility of fraud. It would simply be
impossible for an appraiser, expert or not, to determine whether
pig-iron was worth $12.00 per ton or $25.00, so that there
would. as far as high grade iron is concerned, be a wide opening
for entering at fraudulent figures, if an ad valorem duty was
applied. Then again, an ad valorem duty would mean a tendency to
lower the grade of iron imported, and therefore the class of work
produced in this country".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

14 No d'identification : 24223 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le premier ministre ontarien, Oliver Mowat (Citation)
"[...] as the head of the Libéral Government in Ontario, recently
carried through an Act by which his Government grants a spécial
Provincial bonus of $1.00 per ton for ail pig-iron made in that
province, the product of Ontario ores. Speaking of the treatment
extended to the iron industry by both political parties in this
country, neither are quite free from criticism. Special attention
is drawn to the fact that the Order-in-Council passed at Ottawa,
Nov. 2nd, 1694, entitled, "Redrawbacks on imported goods used in
Canadian manufactured articles, and exported", still remains in
force, despite the protests and explanations of numerous Canadian
manufacturers, who are debarred from doing business with the
Western Canadian agricultural implement makers on account
of this order. The order in question, as is well known, was
passed with a view of encouraging the exportation of agricultural
implements to foreign markets, and provided for a rebate of duty
on the material used in machines so exported. It was so framed,
however, that the effect has been to compel the Canadian
agricuitural implement makers to purchase foreign material before
they can avail themselves of the drawback. The resuit has been
considerable loss of trade to the manufacturers of Canadian
pig-iron. To be consistent with their policy [...] the Federal
Government must so frame the order [...] as to leave the
agricultural implement maker free, if ne so chooses, to use Canadian
material".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

15 No d'identification : 24227 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Mention de statistiques comparatives sur la production
de fer en gueuse aux États-Unis en 1694 et 1895.
Les prix du fer en gueuse Bessemer sont aussi mentionnés.
Le même type de renseignements est fourni pour l'Angleterre et
l'Allemagne.

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 11.

16 No d'identification : 24229 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Pictou Charcoal Iron Company. Ore produced - 10,784
long tons. From 35 to 40 men employed. Blast furnace idle the
whole of 1696.
Bristol Iron Company. Ore produced - 1,033 tons Magnetite. This was
hipped to the United States by the lessees, Messrs Ennis & Co.,
: Philadelphia, Pa.
Torbrook Iron Company. Ore produced - 8,797 long tons. Mine worked
for only four months. 43 persons employed".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 55.

17 No d'identification : 24230 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Drummond expose différents points de vue sur la
pertinence des politiques d'encouragement à la production de fer
en gueuse au Canada. Un des points à considérer [...] (citation) The
necessity of protecting Canadian labor against the lover range of
pages paid to European workmen must be considered, and the equal
necessity of protecting Canadian capital in the initial stages of
the enterprise, against the developed industries of the United
States and Great Britain (...) The Association is indebted to
Messrs. C.A. Meissner of Londonderry, N.S., and John J.Drummond of
Radnor Forges, for the following comparative figures, showing
wages paid for labor in Canada as against the rates paid in
European markets.

Blast furnacemen Coal Mining Iron Ore Iron ore
Laborers Laborers (Mining laborers)

Canada 1,20$/day avg 1,60$/day avg 1,30$
Belgium 0,58$ 0,83$ -
Germany 0,68$ 0,68$ 0,72$
Great-Bretain 1,06$ 1,08$ -
Sweden 0,40$ 0,65$ 0,65$

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 57-58.

18 No d'identification : 24233 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Drummond pose la question à savoir si le fer en gueuse
constitue une matière première ou un produit fini.
- Considering the amount of native labor employed to bring an
article to a merchandable stage... (citation) "If taken on this
basis the manufacture of pig iron from Canadian raw matenals, by
canadian labor, must be considered a far more valuable enterprise
to the country than the mere manipulation of the metal in the
iron foundries of the country. It is quite safe to estimate that
$2.00 is spent in labor in producing coke pig iron from the ore,
where S1.00 is spent in transforming it into castings. In
arriving at the relative value it must not be forgotten that the
fuel used in our western foundanes is invariably thé product of
American mines and of American labor. Where $10.00 is spent
in labor (the raw material all representing labor) in producing
coke iron in Nova Scotia, only $5.00 is spent in the labor of
resmelting this pig iron into castings in the foundries of
Ontario and Quebec. Where charcoal is used as a fuel in smelting
native ore, as in the case of Quebec furnaces, the labor value to
the country of such pig iron is from three to four times as great
as that of smelting it into castings in the ordinary foundry. Pig
iron then may well be considered a finished article, and should
be protected and encouraged as such".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 66.

19 No d'identification : 24237 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) À propos de la Nova Scotia Steel Co, New Glasgow et
Ferrona, on retrouve des statistiques sur la production de fer,
de fonte et d'acier, sur les matières premières utilisées et sur
la provenance des minerais. Le nombre des travailleurs et les
salaires payés sont aussi mentionnés.

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 52-53.

20 No d'identification : 24238 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Very little Scotch iron came to Canada, the price
being so much above that of similar brands of American pig.
"Summerlee" brought an average price in currency of 518.75 ex
wharf Montreal, or equal to about $20.75 delivered at Western
Canadian points. American and Canadian iron vas sold at fully
4.00 per ton below these figures, so that the Scotch iron masters
were quite unable to compete. The home trade was the salvation of
the British iron producers in 1896. Large shipbuilding orders,
and the prospect of Government contracts for warships, served to
stimulate matters considerably dunng the year, but while the
general tone remained favorable at the close of the year, the
constantly increasing shipments of American pig iron and products
thereof to the English market, and the ever decreasing export
trade in iron from the British market itself, form a combination of
circomstances that are not promising".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 50.

21 No d'identification : 24240 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) La production de fer aux États-Unis a atteint en 1896 un
niveau jamais auparavant inégale. La production de fonte en gueuse
n'a pas été entièrement écoulée. Au cours de l'année, le prix du
fer a fluctué de telle sorte que certains hauts fourneaux,
Incapables d'offrir des prix compétitifs, ont été éteints. À la
fin de l'année 1896, les prix ont repris une tendance à la
hausse.
Les plus gros consommateurs de fonte en gueuse aux États-Unis se
retrouvent à Pittsburg et à Chicago.
Le texte présente également certaines statistiques relatives a la
fluctuation des prix du fer américain tout au cours de l'année
1696.

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 47-49.

22 No d'identification : 24241 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "In Canada, uncertainty as to tariff matters, the
somewhat natural outcome of the recent change in government, has
served, in the case of some of the furnaces, to restrict the
production of iron dunng 1896, but on the other hand, as
predicted last year, the advent of the Hamilton furnace makes
1896, in the point of gross tonnage, one of the best years that
Canada has ever seen".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 47.

23 No d'identification : 24243 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Selon Drummond, l'implantation des industries du fer de
l'Angleterre, de l'Allemagne et des États-Unis doit son succès à
la politique des tarifs protecteurs.
(Citation) "In the U.S., the year closes without significant
disaster, with an output of iron close upon that of the previous
gear, and with returning confidence, born of faith in the strong
national fiscal policy foreshadowed by the newly elected
president and his party". (p. 46)
(Résumé) Les élections présidentielles ont toujours une grande
influence sur le marché du fer aux E.U, (Citation) "In 1896, the
almost revolutionary programme adopted by the Chicago convention
in the early summer, and upon which the presidental contest was
waged, wellnigh paralyzed the financial energies of the nation,
and it is therefore ail the more remarkable that the natural
strenght of the American Iron industry was so great" [...] during
that year.

Référence
George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 46 et 49.

24 No d'identification : 24245 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "While the figures for 1898 do not show a very large
increase over those of 1897 (this being largely accounted for by
the liquidation of the Londonderry Co's affairs) yet the furnaces
in blast show a healthy strong business growth, and the projected
furnaces (ail in strong hands) now coming into the field, is good
evidence of the fact that we are on the eve of a very
considerable expansion of the native iron industry. A great factor in
bringing this about is the settled condition with regard to the
governmental policy of encouragement. If that policy is steadily
maintained for a few years to corne, Canada will have an industry
that she may well be proud of, and that will strengthen and build
up every other kindred industry in the Dominion, an industry that
will be useful too in an Impérial sense, making for the
independence of the Empire in so important commodity as iron".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 61.

25 No d'identification : 24251 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "A new charcoal furnace is projected for Midland, Ont.,
by the Canada Iron Furnace Co, Limited, of Montreal and Radnor
Forges, this being a branch of their business at the latter
point, but the intention being to manufacture at Midland an iron
similar in quality to Lake Supenor charcoal, and which is
required for mixture with the special charcoal metal, now made at
Radnor from the bog and lake iron ores of the district of Three
Rivers".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 59.