Thème : Marché des produits sidérurgiques
Index thématique -> Économie -> Aspects généraux -> Marché des produits sidérurgiques
1 No d'identification : 24079 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) En raison des problèmes d'approvisionnement en charbon
et de l'éloignèrent des marches, “l’Acadia Iron Works"
(citation) "was so unprofitable that liquidation became necessary
in 1683, only nine years after the venture began. Although a
accession of new owners took over the works, none could operate
that profitably; the end of ironmaking at Londonderry came in 1913
when the site was finally abandoned".

Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 13.

2 No d'identification : 24223 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le premier ministre ontarien, Oliver Mowat (Citation)
"[...] as the head of the Libéral Government in Ontario, recently
carried through an Act by which his Government grants a spécial
Provincial bonus of $1.00 per ton for ail pig-iron made in that
province, the product of Ontario ores. Speaking of the treatment
extended to the iron industry by both political parties in this
country, neither are quite free from criticism. Special attention
is drawn to the fact that the Order-in-Council passed at Ottawa,
Nov. 2nd, 1694, entitled, "Redrawbacks on imported goods used in
Canadian manufactured articles, and exported", still remains in
force, despite the protests and explanations of numerous Canadian
manufacturers, who are debarred from doing business with the
Western Canadian agricultural implement makers on account
of this order. The order in question, as is well known, was
passed with a view of encouraging the exportation of agricultural
implements to foreign markets, and provided for a rebate of duty
on the material used in machines so exported. It was so framed,
however, that the effect has been to compel the Canadian
agricuitural implement makers to purchase foreign material before
they can avail themselves of the drawback. The resuit has been
considerable loss of trade to the manufacturers of Canadian
pig-iron. To be consistent with their policy [...] the Federal
Government must so frame the order [...] as to leave the
agricultural implement maker free, if ne so chooses, to use Canadian

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

3 No d'identification : 24234 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) En 1894, le gouvernement ontarien légifère... (Citation)
"An Act relating to mines and mining lands, by which Ontario
appropriated the sum of $125,000 to aid miners and producers of
iron ores in developing the ore deposits of that province. Clause
2 of the said Act authorized the treasurer of the province to pay out
to miners, or producers of ore, upon ail ores which shall be
raised or rained and smelted in that province, for a period of
five years from Ist July, 1894, the equivalent of S1.00 per ton on
the pig metal products of such ore, this to a maximum of $25,000
per annum". (p. 68)
(Résumé) The local legislature decided that the encouragement
of the Federal government to the manufacturer of
iron from native ores, which amounted to a combined duty and
bonus of $6.00 per ton, was insufficient to bring about a
successful establishment of the industry.
Selon le point de vue de Drummond, cet "Act" devrait être
révoqué, puisqu'il nuit aux autres provinces qui ne peuvent se
payer une telle forme de subvention. Le gouvernement fédéral
devrait être le seul à pouvoir intervenir en ce sens.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 68-69.

4 No d'identification : 24238 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Very little Scotch iron came to Canada, the price
being so much above that of similar brands of American pig.
"Summerlee" brought an average price in currency of 518.75 ex
wharf Montreal, or equal to about $20.75 delivered at Western
Canadian points. American and Canadian iron vas sold at fully
4.00 per ton below these figures, so that the Scotch iron masters
were quite unable to compete. The home trade was the salvation of
the British iron producers in 1896. Large shipbuilding orders,
and the prospect of Government contracts for warships, served to
stimulate matters considerably dunng the year, but while the
general tone remained favorable at the close of the year, the
constantly increasing shipments of American pig iron and products
thereof to the English market, and the ever decreasing export
trade in iron from the British market itself, form a combination of
circomstances that are not promising".

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 50.

5 No d'identification : 24240 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) La production de fer aux États-Unis a atteint en 1896 un
niveau jamais auparavant inégale. La production de fonte en gueuse
n'a pas été entièrement écoulée. Au cours de l'année, le prix du
fer a fluctué de telle sorte que certains hauts fourneaux,
Incapables d'offrir des prix compétitifs, ont été éteints. À la
fin de l'année 1896, les prix ont repris une tendance à la
Les plus gros consommateurs de fonte en gueuse aux États-Unis se
retrouvent à Pittsburg et à Chicago.
Le texte présente également certaines statistiques relatives a la
fluctuation des prix du fer américain tout au cours de l'année

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 47-49.

6 No d'identification : 24242 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The returns received to date from the furnaces at New
Glasgow, Londonderry, Radnor Forges and Hamilton, register a
total output of 61 839 tons for the calendar year of 1896, being
an increase for the furnaces mentioned of 41 per cent over the
tonnage of 1895. This does not include the records of furnace
work at Drummondville, Que., of which returns have not yet been
Natural conditions in connection with the trade are good, and
there has fortunately been a gratifying freedom from bad debts
throughout the past year".

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 47.

7 No d'identification : 24243 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Selon Drummond, l'implantation des industries du fer de
l'Angleterre, de l'Allemagne et des États-Unis doit son succès à
la politique des tarifs protecteurs.
(Citation) "In the U.S., the year closes without significant
disaster, with an output of iron close upon that of the previous
gear, and with returning confidence, born of faith in the strong
national fiscal policy foreshadowed by the newly elected
president and his party". (p. 46)
(Résumé) Les élections présidentielles ont toujours une grande
influence sur le marché du fer aux E.U, (Citation) "In 1896, the
almost revolutionary programme adopted by the Chicago convention
in the early summer, and upon which the presidental contest was
waged, wellnigh paralyzed the financial energies of the nation,
and it is therefore ail the more remarkable that the natural
strenght of the American Iron industry was so great" [...] during
that year.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 46 et 49.

8 No d'identification : 24245 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "While the figures for 1898 do not show a very large
increase over those of 1897 (this being largely accounted for by
the liquidation of the Londonderry Co's affairs) yet the furnaces
in blast show a healthy strong business growth, and the projected
furnaces (ail in strong hands) now coming into the field, is good
evidence of the fact that we are on the eve of a very
considerable expansion of the native iron industry. A great factor in
bringing this about is the settled condition with regard to the
governmental policy of encouragement. If that policy is steadily
maintained for a few years to corne, Canada will have an industry
that she may well be proud of, and that will strengthen and build
up every other kindred industry in the Dominion, an industry that
will be useful too in an Impérial sense, making for the
independence of the Empire in so important commodity as iron".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 61.

9 No d'identification : 24247 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The time is rapidly approaching when the product of
the Canadian furnaces will have to be carned (on a larger scale
than at present) to the finished stage of iron and steel of all
descriptions, there being an ample increasing home market for
wich products".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 59-60.

10 No d'identification : 24249 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) L'auteur mentionne plusieurs hauts fourneaux à travers le
Canada, notamment ceux de Londonderry, de Hamilton, de Radnor, de
Deseronto et ceux dont la construction est prévue à Midland et à
Sydney. (Citation) "Other furnaces are talked of, but those
sntioned wiil turn out sufficient iron in the near future to care
or ail the immediate wants of Canadian iron founders, and
doubtless a considerable quantity of the metal produced will be
exported to Europe, especially perhaps from the proposed Cap
Breton plant".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 59.

11 No d'identification : 24253 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The works at Londonderry, N.S., were closed down
throughout the year, the company being in liquidation, but this
not because the market could not absorb its full output had the
works been running. Everywhere the product of these Canadian
furnaces has given entire satisfaction, so far as the quality of
metal produced is concerned".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 59.

12 No d'identification : 24255 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The British iron masters hold second place as the
iron producers of the world to-day". [...] "The use of British
iron has almost ceased in Canada, and while that does not mean
that Britan is not holding her own in other markets, still the
situation is a somewhat grave one for British iron producers
nasmuch as their ore supply is growing more precanous every
day. The life of the Spanish iron mines, upon which Britan draws
heavily for supplies, is already well understood to be but short.
The product of the home mines grows steadily less, and it will be
well for Great Britain to look to her colonies, such as Canada
and Newfoundland, for her future source of ore supply".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 58.

13 No d'identification : 24256 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The present great revival of trade in the United
States, brought about by two successive years of splendid crops and
consequent increase in railvay earnings, which enabled the
railway companies to undertake vast expenditures for new rolling
stock, is the cause, no doubt, of a great deal of the revival,
it everywhere most satisfactory expansion is marked in all lines
of manufacture of which iron is the basis. The lessons of the war
with Spain will probably resuit in a great expenditure being made
by the American Government in perfecting their coast defences,
and ail this is in the direction of an increased utilization of

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 57.

14 No d'identification : 24257 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Following the usual course and reviewing briefly the
iron markets of the world, we have first the United States,
showing a most remarkable record for 1898 as far as production is
concerned, and a wonderful rate of consumption that already in
february, 1899, indicates almost a famine in iron and products of
iron. Figures for 1898 show that the United States produced
11,773,934 tons of pig iron, and this enormous production goes on
at an increasing ratio, using; up the available ore supplies at
such a rate that the greatest difficulty may be experienced
before the close of the présent year in keeping the furnaces
supplied with raw material".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 57.

15 No d'identification : 24264 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The falling off in the shipments of Scotch pig iron
to Canada, which has been a marked feature of the trade during
thé past few years, was completely changed in 1899. In Scotch pig
iron alone the shipments to British North America exceeded 10,000
tons, against about 2,000 tons in 1898. This large increase is
due to the fact that American furnaces were almost unable to
supply the local demand, and the same can be said of Canadian
furnaces. It is evident from the present condition of the market
that a considerable quantity of Scotch iron will corne to Canada
during the first half of 1900 at least, as Scotch prices, although
high, are still lower than American figures for delivery in the
Eastern part of Canada.

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1899», The Journal of Canadian Minxng Instltute (1900) : 119.

16 No d'identification : 24265 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The year 1899 has passed into the annals of the iron
trade of the world as a remarkable one. The values of iron,
steel, and all the products thereof enhanced by from fifty to
eighty per cent over the values of the previous year, great
carcity of ore and fuel everywhere in the producing countries, a
gate of consumption unparalleled in the history of trade, and a
production of pig metal never before equalled in any one year".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1899», The Journal of Canadian Minxng Instltute (1900) : 118.

17 No d'identification : 24266 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The demand for iron is as active as ever, and
consumption is going on at such a rate that with limited vessel
freighting capacity from the Upper Lakes, it is be doubtful
whether more than sufficient ore for actual requirements can be
trought down to the Eastern furnaces during the coming year. It
3 therefore, safe to say, that prices will remain fairly high
throughout 1900".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1899», The Journal of Canadian Minxng Instltute (1900) : 118.

18 No d'identification : 24288 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Particularly important in the increasing use of iron
and steel is the constantly growing demand for foundry, railroad
and building purposes. There is a large market in Canada for
structural steel, but at present this product comes from Belgium
and the United States. And while there is a growing demand for
the material required is purchased elsewhere, being cut here
to suit local requirements. Although this class of work is
essentially an American production, the time has come when our
engineers should be familiar with it, and a modem plan well
managed, with low fixed charges, situated advantageously, and
controlling its own raw material, would have nothing to fear in
the future".

Jas. Grannis Parmelee, «The Iron and Steel Industry of the Province of Ontario, Canada», The Journal of The Canadian Mining Institute (1908) : 141-142.

19 No d'identification : 24292 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Tableau intitulé: "Table showing Blast Furnace Plants in
Ontario", comprenant pour l'Algoma Steel Co. no 1 et 2,
l'Hamilton Steel and Iron, A et B, la Canada Iron Furnace Co, la
Deseronto Iron Co et l'Atikokan Iron Co, des renseignements sur
les dimensions des hauts fourneaux, le combustible - coke -. la
capacité de production, le pourcentage de matières premières provenant
du Canada ou de l'étranger, les produits fabriqués et ce à quoi ils
seront affectés.

Jas. Grannis Parmelee, «The Iron and Steel Industry of the Province of Ontario, Canada», The Journal of The Canadian Mining Institute (1908) : 137.

20 No d'identification : 24311 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "La consommation annuelle du fer et de l'acier et de
leurs produits en Canada est entre 800.000 à 820,000. Les
fourneaux en opération en Canada pour 1901 sont (1) The Nova
Scotia Steel Company, Haut-fourneau à Ferrona, Nouvelle-Ecosse;
(2) The Hamilton Steel and Iron Company, Hamilton; (3) The Canada
Iron Furnace Company, Midland; (4) The Dominion Iron and Steel
Company Furnace à Sydney; (5) The Canada Iron Furnace Company;
Radnor; (6) Desoronto Iron Company, Desoronto; (7)
Drummondville Furnaces; Les trois dernières compagnies sont des
fourneaux à charbon. La capacité totale des sept fourneaux est de
440,000 tonnes par année. Il y avait deux fourneaux inactifs The
Londonderry Co., and The Pictou Charcoal Iron Co."

Annuaire du Canada (1900) : 150.

21 No d'identification : 24335 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "L'augmentation sérieuse du prix de la plupart des
métaux, qui s'est produite au commencement de l'année et s'est
continuée ensuite a eu une portée considérable sur les opérations
de l'année, et a contribué largement à l'augmentation de la
valeur du rendement minier. L'extension de l'industrie de la
fonte des minerais et de leur affinage, de même que, dans nombre
de cas, les perfectionnements spéciaux survenus dans les méthodes
jusqu'alors usitées, ont aussi été d'importants facteurs dans les
opérations de l'année.

Annuaire du Canada (1912) : 73.

22 No d'identification : 24366 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "D'après le rapport préliminaire annuel de la Division
des Ressources Minérales et Statistiques du Ministère Fédéral des
Mines, l'industrie minière des métaux a, en 1915, à cause de la
demande créée par la guerre, obtenu les plus grands

Annuaire du Canada (1915) : 238.

23 No d'identification : 24450 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le document contient des statistiques sur la production
canadienne de fer et d'acier, sur l'extraction de matières
premières, ainsi que sur les importations et les exportations de
"coal" et de fer.

The Canadian Mining Review, vol. 21 (1902) : 563-568.

24 No d'identification : 24800 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "In the winter of 1872-73 the Haycock iron mine,
located about eight miles north-east of the city of Ottawa, in
the Province of Quebec, vas opened and about 5,000 tons of ore
raised. The works consisted of a steam saw mill, bloomary forge,
engines, pumps, steam hammer. Blooms were made and exported to
England; the iron vas of a very fine quality. but the entreprise
was not commercially successful and the works were closed."

The Canadian Mining Iron and Steel Manual (1896) : 299.

25 No d'identification : 24905 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral - extraits) "Ces changements introduits pour la plupart
entre 1846 et 1856 témoignent d'un effort d'adaptation afin de
répondre à une nouvelle demande, issue de l'expansion de
l'industrie de la fabrication du matériel roulant ferroviaire.
Durant la décennie 1850, la demande traditionnelle pour les
moulages de fonte pour usages agricoles et domestiques coexiste
avec la nouvelle demande industrielle. Les gestionnaires des
Forges réagissent [...] afin de pouvoir satisfaire les deux
demandes [...] Entre 1863 et 1883. [...] on assiste à une
réorganisation de la production - concrétisée par l'abandon de la
production de fontes moulées - afin de répondre aux exigences de
la demande industrielle [9]. La fonte brute ou fonte en
gueuses, représente la seule production des Forges et est
acheminée vers les grandes fonderies de Montréal spécialisées
dans la production du matériel ferroviaire".

André Bérubé, «Les changements technologiques aux Forges du Saint-Maurice, 1729- 1883», Parcs Canada : 9-10.