Thème : Appréciation des produits
Index thématique -> Économie -> Transformation -> Appréciation des produits
1 No d'identification : 24045 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral, au complet) "Roues de chemin de fer. Nous constatons
avec plaisir que l'établissement de M. McDougall pour la
confection des roues de chemin de fer est en pleine acivité.
Il y a de nouvelles commandes à chaque semaine, et les
compagnies de chemin de fer d'Ontario qui les premières ont fait
l'essai des roues nouvellement manufacturées aux Trois-Rivières
s'en montrent complètement satisfaites.
Il se confectionne une moyenne de 120 roues par semaine,
lesquelles sont immédiatement expédiées. La société McDougall a
rétablie l'ancienne fonderie établie par MM. Turcotte et Larue et elle
est assurée maintenant de pouvoir confectionner des roues sans
égales pour la force et la durée, dans toute la province.
Nous espérons que les gouvernements de Québec et d'Ottawa
lui donneront l'encouragement qu'elle mérite."

Référence
Le Journal des Trois-Rivières, col. 2 (5 avril 1880) : 2.

2 No d'identification : 24067 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Au début du 18e siècle, la Saint-Maurice Iron Works innove
en utilisant un nouveau procèdé...(citation) "the operation of
this simple furnace was made independent of the wind by using
bellows. At first. they were manually operated, but were later
fowered by waterwheels. The result was the same: sponge iron to
shaped by hammering. This primitive process was used on
several occasions in Canada, the first being in the early
eighteenth century at the St Maurice Iron Works, where, in addition to the
blast-furnace that produced molten iron for casting, a small
furnace was operated to smelt ore directly into sponge iron.
Because of its toughness, the iron so obtained was particularly
suitable for axe heads. At one tinte, the St Maurice smiths turned
out 120 of them each day".

Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 2.

3 No d'identification : 24078 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) A part le "Walloon process"... (citation) "Another
method of converting cast pigs into wrought iron vas also used in
Canada. Patented in 1784 by the Englishman, Henry Cort, it was
known as the "puddling" process." [...] "The puddling process was
sed in many Canadian works. The five furnaces of the Acadia Iron
works produced iron of sufficiently high quality that some bars
were shipped to Sheffield, England. At the same works, the iron
loups obtained from the puddle forges were formed into bar iron
and blooms under a massive hammer, 2500 pounds in weight, raised
by steam power. It was much larger than the hammers of earlier
works, which were raised by water power. The St Maurice Works,
for example, had two 500 Ib water-powered hammers".


Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 3-4.

4 No d'identification : 24081 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) La conversion du "cast iron" en "wrought iron" cause
certains problèmes. On ignore, selon l'auteur, quand et comment
la première conversion fut effectuée, mais on suppose que les
Wallons (de Belgique), qui ont d'ailleurs donné leur nom au
Walloon furnace and Walloon process" en furent les instigateurs.
(Citation) "When the St Maurice Iron Works began production, two
Walloon hearths were constructed to make wrought iron out of the
"pigs", or moulds, cast from the molten iron of the blast
furnace. Pigs for the Walloon hearth were long, and the Royal
Inspecter of Fortifications, visiting the St Maurice Works in
1752, noted that a pig cast during his visit vas fifteen feet
long".
Commentaire: Le texte donne des informations sur les fonctions du
"pig" et sur le "Walloon process".

Référence
Eric Arthur et Thomas Ritchie, Iron: Cast and Wrought Iron in Canada from the Seventeenth Century to the Présent, Toronto, Buffalo, London, University of Toronto Press, 1982 : 3.

5 No d'identification : 24086 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le haut fourneau des Forges du Saint-Maurice (citation)
"est chargé quarante-cinq fois dans vingt-quatre heures et
perce a des intervalles qui varient de douze a dix-huit heures. On
y fabrique journellement quatre tonnes de fonte dont dix pour cent de fonte blanche et dix pour cent de fonte truitee". [...]
- Le minerai donnait de 33 a 35 pour cent de fer, et coûtait, à
l'usine, $2.50 la tonne et quelques fois plus". (...) "Outre la
fonte, on fabriquait encore ici une faible quantité de fer forgé,
par le procède antique de l'affinage au foyer".

Référence
R.W. Ells, Rapport sur les richesses minérales de la Province de Québec, s.l., s.n., 1890 : 24.

6 No d'identification : 24094 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Dans le rapport de la Commission de Géologie date de
1873-74, le docteur Harrington décrit le limonite québécois de la
façon suivante: (citation) "les limonites de la province de
Québec appartiennent presque toutes à des formations récentes,
et elles se présentent ordinairement près de la surface dans des
terrains sablonneux, et proviennent fréquemment de sables
ferrugineux. La variété traitée jusqu'aujourd'hui, tantôt à l'état de
concrétions, tantôt à l'état massif, offre souvent une curieuse
structure caverneuse; elle est parfois terne et terreuse, mais
présente quelquefois une cassure hautement luisante", (p.29)
(Citation) "Cette limonite se réduit facilement, et, à en juger
par les résultats obtenus par M. M. McDougall, donne, quand elle
est convenablement traitée, un fer de valeur uniforme", (p.29)

Référence
R.W. Ells, Rapport sur les richesses minérales de la Province de Québec, s.l., s.n., 1890 : 29.

7 No d'identification : 24149 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Aux Forges de Radnor, à propos de la Canada Iron Fuma ce
Co, (citation) "La marque de la compagnie est GIF et dix qualités
différentes sont obtenues du haut-fourneau, pouvant être
utilisées pour différents usages, depuis les plaques de poêle
jusqu'aux roues de wagons, cylindres de laminoirs, plaques, etc ."

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1892-1893, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1896 : 86.

8 No d'identification : 24173 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Au printemps de 1898, la Deseronto Iron Company
Limited, commença à construire un fourneau à charbon de bois a
Deseronto, dans la province d'Ontario. Ce fourneau, qui aura 60 X
10 pieds et produira de la fonte malléable et à roues de wagons,
avec des minerais du lac Supérieur américain et du Canada, est à
peu près terminé, et la compagnie espère pouvoir l'allumer au
commencement de novembre. La capacité annuelle de ce fourneau
sera d'environ 12,000 grosses tonnes".

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1897, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1901 : 97.

9 No d'identification : 24184 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) La Colombie-Britannique produit peu de minerai de fer.
(Citation) "Small quantities have been mined at Cherry Bluff,
Kamloops, and on the Texada Island and chiefly used for fluxing
purposes in the smelting of the métalliferous ores",

Référence
Com. geol. du Canada, Summary Report on the Operations of the Geological Survey for the Calendar Year 1902, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1903 : 118.

10 No d'identification : 24218 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) À propos de la Canada Iron Furnace co, (Citation) "A
portion of the output of the furnace is used for the manufacture
of the highest class of railway car wheels, at the company's
auxiliary works at Lachine, Que., where a further staff of about
50 men are employed, and in addition it may be said that ail the
railway companies in Canada are now using the Canada Iron Furnace
Co's metal as the basis of mixtures for standard car wheels. It
will be gratifying to Canadians to know that the high quality of
this special metal, as demonstrated by its great strenght and
splendid chilling qualities, has so far attracted the attention
of foreign engineers that the company has been enabled to open a
foreign trade during the past year, and it is now shipping iron
regularly into the Pittsburgh market, where the metal is used for
very special qualities of work. In addition to this, important
shipments have recently been made from Radnor Forges to the
European market. While this trade is not a large one as yet, it
proves that the quality of the iron made in Canada is
unsurpassed, and is another reason why we should carefully build
up our national industry".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

11 No d'identification : 24222 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Specifie as against ad valorem duty. As far as
pig-iron is concerned, a specifie duty is the only fair and
sensible basis. In the first place it is the simplest to apply;
and does avay with possibility of fraud. It would simply be
impossible for an appraiser, expert or not, to determine whether
pig-iron was worth $12.00 per ton or $25.00, so that there
would. as far as high grade iron is concerned, be a wide opening
for entering at fraudulent figures, if an ad valorem duty was
applied. Then again, an ad valorem duty would mean a tendency to
lower the grade of iron imported, and therefore the class of work
produced in this country".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

12 No d'identification : 24244 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) À propos des Forges Radnor, (Citation) "Owing to the
plant being overhauled and improved during the year, the campaign was only of about eight months” The production during that time was :
special charcoal pig iron : 6040 - 420/2000 tons
charcoal made : 580 100 bushels
ore made: 14 400 net tons
Limestone flux made : 1432 net tons
Average number of men employed : 600

(Citation) "The product at Radnor Forges continues to attract
most favorable consideration from engineers abroad as well as at
home. During the year shipments of "C.I.F.", special charcoal
metal were made from the furnaces to leading establishments in
Great Britain, France, Germany and the United States and the
demand for this special iron is an increasing one".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899).

13 No d'identification : 24251 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "A new charcoal furnace is projected for Midland, Ont.,
by the Canada Iron Furnace Co, Limited, of Montreal and Radnor
Forges, this being a branch of their business at the latter
point, but the intention being to manufacture at Midland an iron
similar in quality to Lake Supenor charcoal, and which is
required for mixture with the special charcoal metal, now made at
Radnor from the bog and lake iron ores of the district of Three
Rivers".

Référence
George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 59.

14 No d'identification : 24279 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The pig iron made in a charcoal furnace is almost
always low in sulphur; and it is possible to make iron with
extremely low silicon, and also low sulphur. Although this is
possible with a coke furnace, yet it is difficult to make very
low silicon and yet have low sulphur. If a coke furnace works
badly the pig iron made is invariably high in sulphur; with a
charcoal furnace in distress the iron may be, and generally is,
ail white iron, but still the sulphur never gets high enough to
do any arm, and seldom, if ever, goes over .040%.
The analysis of charcoal iron can be vaned as desired within the
same limits as in a coke furnace. Charcoal iron can be used for
any purpose that coke iron is used, and besides can may used for
some purpose for which coke iron is not suitable".

Référence
R. H. Sweetzer, «Charcoal: The Blast Furnace Fuel for Ontario», The Journal of the Canadian Mining Institute (1908) : 168.

15 No d'identification : 24282 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le document fait part de différentes méthodes pour
l'analyse des minerais de fer, des autres matières premières,
coke, charbon de bois, pierre à chaux, etc,, du laitier et de la
fonte en gueuse. Il est aussi question des matières réfractaires
et du calcul des charges. On retrouve également à la page 464 un
tableau intitulé "Foundry Iron Burden".

Référence
Drummond. George E., «The Uses of Chemical Analisys in Iron Blast Furnace Practice and some Notes on Laboratory Methods», The Journal of the Canadian Mining Institute (1907 ) : 446-464.

16 No d'identification : 24397 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "Nota - Du fer en gueuse a été également fabriqué dans
des fours électriques par The Canada Cement Company, Montreal;
Fraser, Brace & Co., Ltd, Shawinigan Falls; Electro Foundries,
Ltd, Orillia; Wm. Kennedy & Sons, Collingwood; Turnbull Electro
metals, Ltd., St .Catharines, Ont. and Bntish Forgings, Ltd.,
Toronto. Le produit ainsi obtenu, par la fonte de vieux aciers,
et de haute qualité et sa teneur en phosphore est minime".

Référence
Annuaire du Canada (1918) : 285.

17 No d'identification : 24632 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Les défendeurs refusent de payer le billet consenti à
Wills car ce dernier alors qu'il était employé comme ingénieur
aux Forges Radnor, avait fait faire des faulx de mauvaise
qualité, entraînant une perte de $1200.00 a A. Larue 8 Co.

Référence
ANQTR. 120, no 240, Cour Supérieure, John B. Wills vs A. Larue & Co., 2 décembre 1863.

18 No d'identification : 24754 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral)
Toronto, July 30th, 1892.
Messrs. The Canada Iron Furnace Co., Ltd.,
Montréal.
Dear Sirs, - Replying to your esteemed enquiry re our expérience
with your Three Rivers C.l.F. charcoal pig iron, would say that
we are using a mixture containing 20% of your iron, and the
results are most satisfactory in all respects; our stove plate is
tough, smooth and high in color, a point that we have been trying
for some time, and with which we are delighted. For radiator
and boiier castings it has improved the quality very much, being
much stronger, softer and close, with no spongy spots, and our
losses are reduced so much that we believe we will be in pocket
by using this in future in our entire melt, although the price is
so much greater than ordinary iron.
Yours truly
(sgd.) The E. & C. Gurney Co.,
pp. W. H. Carrick.

Référence
Canada Iron Furnace C.Ltd , International Mining Convention of 1893 to Radnor Forge, Montréal, The Canada Iron Furnace Company, 25 février 1893 : 18.

19 No d'identification : 24755 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral)
St. Thomas, Ont., Oct. 24th. 1892.
Geo. E. Drummond, Esq.,
Man.-Dir. and Treas. Canada Iron Furnace Co., Ltd.,
Montreal, Que.
Dear Sir,- Enclosed herewith. please find order for 150 tons of
Three Rivers C.I.F. iron, graded as specified from 2 1/2 to 6
inclusive.
We volunteer to say in regard to the iron we have
been receiving from your Company, that it is giving most
satisfactory results in our car wheel mixture, and we have found
that by the aid of it we can entirely dispense with the high
priced irons which we were formely obliged to import, our records
of tests showing an improvement of over 25% on the results
previous to using your iron, in addition to which our percentage
of loss has been greatly reduced.
We also use a considérable portion of this iron in
our machinery casting department, particularly for special
locomotive and machinery castings requiring close grain,
strength, and fine finish, and for this purpose we find iron
graded from soft 1 to 3 most desirable.
We would be glad to have you refer any parties to us
for further information if desired.
Yours truly,
(Sgd.) St. Thomas Car Wheel Co., Ltd.
Fer John H. Fleming, Asst-Man.

Référence
Canada Iron Furnace C.Ltd , International Mining Convention of 1893 to Radnor Forge, Montréal, The Canada Iron Furnace Company, 25 février 1893 : 19.

20 No d'identification : 24756 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral)
Brantford, May 7th, 1892.
Geo. E. Drummond., Esq. ,
Man.-Dir. and Treas. Canada Iron Furnace Co, Ltd
Montreal, Que.

Dear Sir,- In reply to your favor of the 2nd inst., we would
say that we have for the past two years been using your charcoal
iron, especially in our cylinder and valve castings for our
angines. Previous to using your iron we used "Salisbury" iron.
We find, in our opinion, that your iron is at least
equal for this purpose to the "Salisbury", and should judge from
our expérience, if anything, a little better.
Yours truly,
(Sgd.) The Waterous Engine Works Co., Ltd.
C.H. Waterous, Gen'l Man.

Référence
Canada Iron Furnace C.Ltd , International Mining Convention of 1893 to Radnor Forge, Montréal, The Canada Iron Furnace Company, 25 février 1893 : 21.

21 No d'identification : 24757 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) Lachine, September 24th, 1892.
Geo. E. Drummond, Esq.,
Canada Iron Furnace Co., Ltd., Montreal.
Dear Sir,- Refering to last shipment of C.I.F. Three Rivers
Iron, I find it is still up to the mark, and superior to any
other brands which we receive.
The following is a practical test made from the pipe
cupola;
We ran short of C.I.F. and I vas obliged to use a mixture
composed of one-third "Carnbroe" No. 1, one-third M. and C. and
one-third Siemens No. 1. This gives very good results and bars
average 2,400 Ibs. Upon receipt of the C.I.F. Three Rivers iron I
used 25% securing an increase of strength to 2,700 Ibs. I then
increased the C.I.F. to 50% with the result of an increase to
3,300 Ibs. The C.I.F. used in this test vas No. 2 1/2.
I am pleased to say that in my experience in the
manufacture of car wheels and castings I have not found any iron
to compare with the C.I.F.
(Signed.) D.H. Gilbert, Supt. Montreal Car Wheel
Co. and Drummond, McCall., Pipe Foundry
Co.

Référence
Canada Iron Furnace C.Ltd , International Mining Convention of 1893 to Radnor Forge, Montréal, The Canada Iron Furnace Company, 25 février 1893 : 21.

22 No d'identification : 24776 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) C'est vers 1840 que Larue et Co vont entreprendre la
construction des installations des forges Radnor et d'une
fonderie de roues de trains située à Trois-Rivières. Cette
compagnie possède encore 40,000 âcres de terres à proximité
des forges. De 200 à 400 personnes sont employées aux différentes
étapes de la production. Quatre tonnes de fer en gueuses sont
fabriquées par jour. Le fer qu'on y produit est de très grande
qualité. Une grande partie des capitaux ont été perdus suite à
de graves incendies et à une mauvaise gérance des forges. De plus,
il est mentionné dans le rapport que la distance séparant les forges
de la ligne de chemin de fer représentait une difficulté majeure qui
est actuellement (1896) résolue. Le 29 novembre 1889, la Canada
Iron Furnace prend possession des forges Radnor et de toutes ses
propriétés.

Référence
The Canadian Mining Manual and Companies Directory (1896) : 297 et 301.

23 No d'identification : 24785 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "In 1867 the "Canadian Iron Mining and Manufacturing
Co.". of Montreal, built a charcoal furnace at Hull, near Ottawa,
and for a time in that and the following year produced a superior
quality of pig iron, but the "économic results not being
satisfactory" the working was stopped. and the furnace being much
injured by a forest fire, a few years afterwards, was abandoned.
The dimensions given by Dr. Sterry Hunt were - Height, 38 feet;
boshes. 10 ft. 6 in., and throat, 4 ft. 5 in."

Référence
The Canadian Mining Iron and Steel Manual (1896) : 298.

24 No d'identification : 24790 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral, partiel)
"Canada Iron Furnace Co. tltd) [...] Formed to acquire and work
mineral and wood lands in the Province of Quebec and elsewhere in
the Dominion of Canada, and to manufacture special high class
charcoal iron, similar to and competitive in quality to that of
Sweden.
Ore Deposits.- The company at present owns an area of 100,000
acres of bog iron nghts in the districts of Champlain, St-Maurice, Three Rivers, Vaudreuil, Joliette. St-Ambrose de
Kildare, Point du Lac, Gentilly and Becancour, including the
important deposits (supposed to be the largest of like nature in
the world) of lake ore in Lac-à-la-Tortue and Lac-aux-Sables."

Référence
The Canadian Mining Manual and Companies Directory (1895) : 235.

25 No d'identification : 24795 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "The protective policy of 1887 resulted in the
purchase and reconstruction of the works at Radnor Forges by the
Canada Iron Furnace Co. Ltd.. and the modem furnace now in
operation there was built in 1691. Since that date 32,000 tons of
he very highest class of charcoal metal has been successfully
produced and has found a market not only at home, in competition
with American charcoal iron, but the product ("C.I.F." Charcoal
Pig) has found it way in foreign markets, where it has attracted
unusual attention from leading engineers."

Référence
The Canadian Mining Iron and Steel Manual (1897) : 78-79.