Thème : Politique
Index thématique -> Politique
1 No d'identification : 24038 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) La Canada Iron Co. aurait l'intention de laisser
Trois-Rivières pour aller s'établir ailleurs si les offres de la
ville ne sont pas assez généreuses. Au conseil on tente de faire
valoir l'importance de cette manufacture. Dans trois des
derniers mois, elle aurait employé de 300 a 320 hommes et verse
entre $11,000 et $13,000 en salaires.

Le Bien Public, col. 2 (10 décembre 1909) : 6.

2 No d'identification : 24113 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) À propos d'un tableau sur les "Importations de vieux
fers et de vieux aciers, années 1886-1887", l'auteur explique
que (citation) "ce tableau montre clairement les résultats
heureux et immédiats de notre nouveau tarif protecteur. Par une
disposition très sage de ce tarif, les droits les plus élevés
portant sur les produits manufacturés, les importations de
matière brute destinée à nos usines à fer, ont immédiatement
augmenté de 66 pour cent. Les opérations de ces usines ont pris une
activité remarquable depuis le mois de mai dernier", (p.49)
Les changements ont été introduits au tarif en mai 1887.

Com. Geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel pour l’année 1887-88, Ottawa, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1889 : 49.

3 No d'identification : 24127 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Le gouvernement accorde une prime de $2.00 pour
chaque tonne de fonte fabriquée au Canada".

Com. Geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel pour l'année 1890-91, Ottawa, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1893 : 91.

4 No d'identification : 24165 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Suite à un tableau sur la production de fonte pour
l'année civile 1096, on mentionne que (Citation) "Une prime de $2
par tonne de 2000 livres était payé [sic] par le gouvernement
fédéral sur tout le fer en gueuse fait en Canada avec des minerais
canadiens. Il n'en est pas payé sur celui fait avec des minerais
étrangers". (p.66)
(Résumé) Dans une note, on précise que (citation) "par des
modifications apportées au tarif en avril 1897, ceci a été changé
en $3 par tonne pour le fer en gueuse produit de minerais
canadiens, et $2 par tonne pour celui produit de minerais

Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1896, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1898 : 66.

5 No d'identification : 24196 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le document fournit des notes explicatives concernant
les statistiques et les sources utilisées pour la mise au point
des rapports.

Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1695, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1897 : 5-6.

6 No d'identification : 24214 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) It is an acknowledged fact that a time of depression
in the United States is nearly always followed (generally
speaking, a year later), by a period of dull Limes throughout
Canada. 1895 has been no exception to this general rule, but
thanks to the moderate dividing wall afforded by our System of
protection to native entreprises, we have been preserved from any
such panic as the markets of the neighboring Republic expenenced
in 1894, and the solid financial condition of Canada has been the
subject of favorable discussion in the money markets of the
world. This has been true of ail important Canadian industrial
enterprises. In the iron department our operations have been
carried on upon a safe basis. Most of the furnace companies have
restricted themselves during the year to comparatlvely short
campaigns, being wise enough to suit thé output to thé times. In
the face of this the record for 1895 is creditable, and now
starting the new year, 1896, with comparatlvely light stocks at
the various furnaces, and with a knowledge that the new 100-ton
per day Hamilton furnace can be depended upon for the coming
year, it is safe to predict that 1896 will prove the banner year
of the iron industry in Canada, so far as the past is concerned,
and the beginning of a new and more vigorous existence in the
metallurgical history of our country".

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 11.

7 No d'identification : 24216 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Londonderry Iron Co. Ltd.

Tons Lbs
Coke pig Iron made 17 744 320
Ore charged 41 557 1220
Fuel charged-coke 25 264 1920
Fuel charged-coal 3088 1920
Cast iron water and
gas pipe produced 2110 160

Average number of men employed : 425
Furnace output of 1895, campaign 8 months. Pipe foundry campaign, 7 months

It is a notable fact that the tariff revision of session 1894, by
which a duty (on a sliding scale), was imposed on wrought scrap
iron, has already resulted in the Londonderry Iron Co. making
contracts with Canadian manufacturers of bar iron which is
enabling them to start up their rolling mills. The work is just
commencing in this department, and will afford steady employment
to a large number of Canadians".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 11.

8 No d'identification : 24220 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Pictou Charcoal Iron Co., Bridgeville, N.S. The
returns of output have not yet been filed, but a very notable
point in connection with the operations of this company is that
it is just on the point of installing a steel converting plant,
and will use the largest portion of the output in that way,
finishing it into the highest quality of agricultural implement
steel for the home market. This is a striking illustration of the
effect of the Dominion Act of 1694, which provided for the
payment of a bounty of 12 per ton on ail steel billets
manufactured in Canada from Canadian pig iron".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

9 No d'identification : 24221 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The Hamilton Iron and Steel Co. The new furnace with
a capacity of 100 tons per day goes into blast immediately. At
the start a large proportion of this company's ore will be the
product of American mines, but they look to the Act of the
legislature of Ontario, Session 1894, (which provided for the
payment of SI.00 per ton on the pig metal product of iron ore,
raised or smelted in the Province of Ontario) to bring about an
almost immediate development of the mines of the Province. In the
meantime the Hamilton Iron and Steel Co. will naturally have to
waive claim to the Dominion bounty of $2.00 per ton, so that it is
entirely in their interest to push forward the exploration and
development of Ontario mines and thus give the real benefit of
the industry to Canadian labor. Under present circumstances,
Ontario not possessing coal mines, and the question of the
economical transportation and handling of Lower Province coal,
being as yet unsolved, the Hamilton Iron and Steel Co. will have
to use American fuel, which unfortunately means that one-half of
the labor benefit of the industry will go to a rival market.
Under the circumstances the Dominion Government will probably
restrict the Federal bounty to a sum proportionate to the amount
of Canadian labor employed in the industry; this is a protection
to the coal miners and charcoal burners of the other Provinces".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

10 No d'identification : 24222 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Specifie as against ad valorem duty. As far as
pig-iron is concerned, a specifie duty is the only fair and
sensible basis. In the first place it is the simplest to apply;
and does avay with possibility of fraud. It would simply be
impossible for an appraiser, expert or not, to determine whether
pig-iron was worth $12.00 per ton or $25.00, so that there
would. as far as high grade iron is concerned, be a wide opening
for entering at fraudulent figures, if an ad valorem duty was
applied. Then again, an ad valorem duty would mean a tendency to
lower the grade of iron imported, and therefore the class of work
produced in this country".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

11 No d'identification : 24223 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le premier ministre ontarien, Oliver Mowat (Citation)
"[...] as the head of the Libéral Government in Ontario, recently
carried through an Act by which his Government grants a spécial
Provincial bonus of $1.00 per ton for ail pig-iron made in that
province, the product of Ontario ores. Speaking of the treatment
extended to the iron industry by both political parties in this
country, neither are quite free from criticism. Special attention
is drawn to the fact that the Order-in-Council passed at Ottawa,
Nov. 2nd, 1694, entitled, "Redrawbacks on imported goods used in
Canadian manufactured articles, and exported", still remains in
force, despite the protests and explanations of numerous Canadian
manufacturers, who are debarred from doing business with the
Western Canadian agricultural implement makers on account
of this order. The order in question, as is well known, was
passed with a view of encouraging the exportation of agricultural
implements to foreign markets, and provided for a rebate of duty
on the material used in machines so exported. It was so framed,
however, that the effect has been to compel the Canadian
agricuitural implement makers to purchase foreign material before
they can avail themselves of the drawback. The resuit has been
considerable loss of trade to the manufacturers of Canadian
pig-iron. To be consistent with their policy [...] the Federal
Government must so frame the order [...] as to leave the
agricultural implement maker free, if ne so chooses, to use Canadian

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

12 No d'identification : 24224 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The encouragement of Quebec Legislature. It is worthy
of special note that the Legislature of the Province of Québec
evidenced, during the last session, a desire to encourage the
iron industry in this Province, by passing the Hon. E.J. Flynn's
assembly Bill No.21, entitled "An Act respecting colonization of
certain parts of this Province, and for promoting the mining
industry therein". By this Act the C.I.F. Co. are created a
Colonization Society, and 30,000 acres of wood lands are set
aside or reserved for the purposes of colonization by the
employees of the company. The industry is thus protected against
speculators in wood lands, and assured of a constant supply of
fuel. [...] It will be well for the Provincial Government to
grant similar privileges to any furnace company starting work in
the Province of Quebec, for while the Act does not go so far in
the matter of encouragement as did the Act of the Ontario
Legislature, yet it shows good will on the part of our local

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

13 No d'identification : 24226 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The Canadian Manufacturer places the value of the pig
iron production of 1893-4 at $965,968.77, and when it is
considered that almost nine-tenths of this has been paid out for
labor to Canadian workmen, the value of the industry will perhaps
9 better appreciated. A continued encouragement of the industry
will mean that Canadian pig iron will yet form a base for many
articles of finished iron and steel not now produced in this
country. It has been well said that the production of pig iron is
one of the best tests of a country's metallurgical greatness.
This has been particularly true of Great Britain and the United
States. The statistics referred to above evidence the fact that
Canada is on the "right track". The Dominion may rank low as yet
in the scale of iron producing countnes, but she is on record
along with such nations as Great Britain, the United States,
Germany, France, Sweden, Russia, Austria and Spam, and the
Canadian percentage of the world's output, though small, is
steadily increasing, and must increase if the industry is
encouraged as the circumstances of the case demand".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 11.

14 No d'identification : 24230 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Drummond expose différents points de vue sur la
pertinence des politiques d'encouragement à la production de fer
en gueuse au Canada. Un des points à considérer [...] (citation) The
necessity of protecting Canadian labor against the lover range of
pages paid to European workmen must be considered, and the equal
necessity of protecting Canadian capital in the initial stages of
the enterprise, against the developed industries of the United
States and Great Britain (...) The Association is indebted to
Messrs. C.A. Meissner of Londonderry, N.S., and John J.Drummond of
Radnor Forges, for the following comparative figures, showing
wages paid for labor in Canada as against the rates paid in
European markets.

Blast furnacemen Coal Mining Iron Ore Iron ore
Laborers Laborers (Mining laborers)

Canada 1,20$/day avg 1,60$/day avg 1,30$
Belgium 0,58$ 0,83$ -
Germany 0,68$ 0,68$ 0,72$
Great-Bretain 1,06$ 1,08$ -
Sweden 0,40$ 0,65$ 0,65$

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 57-58.

15 No d'identification : 24232 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Drummond fait un réquisitoire en faveur de l'industrie
sidérurgique canadienne, faisant référence à une révision
éventuelle des tarifs protecteurs. Il est question de la qualité
des produits canadiens en comparaison avec les produits
Américains, etc.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 62-63.

16 No d'identification : 24234 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) En 1894, le gouvernement ontarien légifère... (Citation)
"An Act relating to mines and mining lands, by which Ontario
appropriated the sum of $125,000 to aid miners and producers of
iron ores in developing the ore deposits of that province. Clause
2 of the said Act authorized the treasurer of the province to pay out
to miners, or producers of ore, upon ail ores which shall be
raised or rained and smelted in that province, for a period of
five years from Ist July, 1894, the equivalent of S1.00 per ton on
the pig metal products of such ore, this to a maximum of $25,000
per annum". (p. 68)
(Résumé) The local legislature decided that the encouragement
of the Federal government to the manufacturer of
iron from native ores, which amounted to a combined duty and
bonus of $6.00 per ton, was insufficient to bring about a
successful establishment of the industry.
Selon le point de vue de Drummond, cet "Act" devrait être
révoqué, puisqu'il nuit aux autres provinces qui ne peuvent se
payer une telle forme de subvention. Le gouvernement fédéral
devrait être le seul à pouvoir intervenir en ce sens.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 68-69.

17 No d'identification : 24239 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Dans le cadre d'une enquête menée par a "Dominion
Government Tariff Commission où il est question des subventions a
la production et des tarifs protecteurs, le point de vue des
fermiers québécois est mentionné.
(Citation) "A very notable illustration of the value of the
Charcoal Iron Industry cornes from the farmers of the Province of
Quebec, hundreds of whom have recently signed a petition to the
Dominion Government, asking that the industry be preserved to
them. Firstly - Because it is one of the very few rural
industries that they enjoy, and because, through the resident
employes at the works, it provides a ready cash market for farm
products. Secondly - Because without it, they would be deprived
of a cash market for the bog iron ore existing on their own and
neighboring lands. Thirdly - Because the opérations of the
furnace provide them with a profitable market for the vaste hard
woods, which they are compelled to clear from their lands in
preparing same for agricultural pursuits. Finally, the petition
points out, that without the labor afforded by the existence of
Charcoal iron furnaces, they, as farmers, would be compelled,
through climatic conditions, to exist for twelve months of each
year upon the profits derivable from five month's work in their
ordinary agricultural pursuits.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 55-56.

18 No d'identification : 24241 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "In Canada, uncertainty as to tariff matters, the
somewhat natural outcome of the recent change in government, has
served, in the case of some of the furnaces, to restrict the
production of iron dunng 1896, but on the other hand, as
predicted last year, the advent of the Hamilton furnace makes
1896, in the point of gross tonnage, one of the best years that
Canada has ever seen".

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 47.

19 No d'identification : 24243 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Selon Drummond, l'implantation des industries du fer de
l'Angleterre, de l'Allemagne et des États-Unis doit son succès à
la politique des tarifs protecteurs.
(Citation) "In the U.S., the year closes without significant
disaster, with an output of iron close upon that of the previous
gear, and with returning confidence, born of faith in the strong
national fiscal policy foreshadowed by the newly elected
president and his party". (p. 46)
(Résumé) Les élections présidentielles ont toujours une grande
influence sur le marché du fer aux E.U, (Citation) "In 1896, the
almost revolutionary programme adopted by the Chicago convention
in the early summer, and upon which the presidental contest was
waged, wellnigh paralyzed the financial energies of the nation,
and it is therefore ail the more remarkable that the natural
strenght of the American Iron industry was so great" [...] during
that year.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 46 et 49.

20 No d'identification : 24245 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "While the figures for 1898 do not show a very large
increase over those of 1897 (this being largely accounted for by
the liquidation of the Londonderry Co's affairs) yet the furnaces
in blast show a healthy strong business growth, and the projected
furnaces (ail in strong hands) now coming into the field, is good
evidence of the fact that we are on the eve of a very
considerable expansion of the native iron industry. A great factor in
bringing this about is the settled condition with regard to the
governmental policy of encouragement. If that policy is steadily
maintained for a few years to corne, Canada will have an industry
that she may well be proud of, and that will strengthen and build
up every other kindred industry in the Dominion, an industry that
will be useful too in an Impérial sense, making for the
independence of the Empire in so important commodity as iron".

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1898», The Journal of Canadian Mining Institute (1899) : 61.

21 No d'identification : 24259 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Au cours des dernières années, le Canadian Mining
Institute (Citation) "bas been devoting considerable attention to
the task of educating the Canadian public upon this important
question of iron production. At least these efforts are being
rewarded. Legislators and capitalists alike are evidencing an
interest in the industry that they have never shown in the past,
and we believe that the expérience of the next few years will
serve to strenghten the faith of the Canadian people in their own
country with regard to its possibilities as an iron producing

George E. Drummond, «The Iron Industry in 1899», The Journal of Canadian Minxng Instltute (1900) : 121.

22 No d'identification : 24269 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Dunng the earlier months of the year the Nova Scotian
furnaces, as vell as the one situated at Hamilton, Ont. were
practicaily closed down, awaiting the décision of the Government
regarding tariff questions affecting the industry. That happily
settled, the furnaces went to work. (the Hamilton furnace as late
as 29th June) with the result that at the close of the year the
returns show an output of coke iron pretty well up to that of 1696,
and an increased output in charcoal iron".

Joseph Obalski, «Mining in Quebec in 1897», The Journal of Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1898 ) : 200.

23 No d'identification : 24277 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le document contient un historique des droits miniers
dans la province de Québec, avec les différentes législations qui
lui sont reliées.

T. C. Denis, «Mining rights in Seignories in the Province of Quebec», The Journal of the Canadian Mining Institute (1911) : 591-595.

24 No d'identification : 24287 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le gouvernement fédéral offre des prîmes sur la
production de fer, de fonte et d'acier au Canada. Voir les montants
attribués pour les années 1907 à 1910. Les conditions à respecter
pour l'obtention de ces octrois sont également mentionnées.

Jas. Grannis Parmelee, «The Iron and Steel Industry of the Province of Ontario, Canada», The Journal of The Canadian Mining Institute (1908) : 143-144.

25 No d'identification : 24289 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
Intégral "On trouve du fer en abondance dans toutes les parties
de la Puissance à l'exception de Manitoba, mais on y porte peu
d'attention, même dans la Nouvelle-Écosse où le minerai est
extrêmement pur et est la seule province où on trouve à la fois
le combustible et le minerai. La production est limitée dans les
mines d'Acadie à Londonderry. Il est à espérer que
l'augmentation des droits imposés par le gouvernement sur le fer
et l'acier en 1887 aura l'effet de développer cette industrie."

Annuaire du Canada (1887) : 346-347.