1 No d'identification : 24113 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) À propos d'un tableau sur les "Importations de vieux
fers et de vieux aciers, années 1886-1887", l'auteur explique
que (citation) "ce tableau montre clairement les résultats
heureux et immédiats de notre nouveau tarif protecteur. Par une
disposition très sage de ce tarif, les droits les plus élevés
portant sur les produits manufacturés, les importations de
matière brute destinée à nos usines à fer, ont immédiatement
augmenté de 66 pour cent. Les opérations de ces usines ont pris une
activité remarquable depuis le mois de mai dernier", (p.49)
Les changements ont été introduits au tarif en mai 1887.

Com. Geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel pour l’année 1887-88, Ottawa, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1889 : 49.

2 No d'identification : 24191 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "On n'a pas annoncé de nouvelles découvertes
importantes au cours de l'année; cependant, quelques-unes sont
mentionnées, par le docteur Ells, dans les termes suivants: "J'ai
examiné la nouvelle mine de la Compagnie Minière de Memphrémagog
(Memphremagog Mining Company) située sur le lot 28, rang IX de
cotton. On y voit une masse de minerai d'environ seize pieds
d'épaisseur sur une longueur de plusieurs centaines de yards. Ce
minerai consiste, en majeure partie, en pyrite de fer et de
cuivre. Le dépôt est couvert d'un amas considérable de minerai de
fer limoneux qui aurait de la valeur si l'on pouvait l'expédier à
bon compte. Les opérations faites ici sont de simples travaux

Corn. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1888-89, Ottawa, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1890 : 40.

3 No d'identification : 24214 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) It is an acknowledged fact that a time of depression
in the United States is nearly always followed (generally
speaking, a year later), by a period of dull Limes throughout
Canada. 1895 has been no exception to this general rule, but
thanks to the moderate dividing wall afforded by our System of
protection to native entreprises, we have been preserved from any
such panic as the markets of the neighboring Republic expenenced
in 1894, and the solid financial condition of Canada has been the
subject of favorable discussion in the money markets of the
world. This has been true of ail important Canadian industrial
enterprises. In the iron department our operations have been
carried on upon a safe basis. Most of the furnace companies have
restricted themselves during the year to comparatlvely short
campaigns, being wise enough to suit thé output to thé times. In
the face of this the record for 1895 is creditable, and now
starting the new year, 1896, with comparatlvely light stocks at
the various furnaces, and with a knowledge that the new 100-ton
per day Hamilton furnace can be depended upon for the coming
year, it is safe to predict that 1896 will prove the banner year
of the iron industry in Canada, so far as the past is concerned,
and the beginning of a new and more vigorous existence in the
metallurgical history of our country".

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 11.

4 No d'identification : 24216 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Londonderry Iron Co. Ltd.

Tons Lbs
Coke pig Iron made 17 744 320
Ore charged 41 557 1220
Fuel charged-coke 25 264 1920
Fuel charged-coal 3088 1920
Cast iron water and
gas pipe produced 2110 160

Average number of men employed : 425
Furnace output of 1895, campaign 8 months. Pipe foundry campaign, 7 months

It is a notable fact that the tariff revision of session 1894, by
which a duty (on a sliding scale), was imposed on wrought scrap
iron, has already resulted in the Londonderry Iron Co. making
contracts with Canadian manufacturers of bar iron which is
enabling them to start up their rolling mills. The work is just
commencing in this department, and will afford steady employment
to a large number of Canadians".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 11.

5 No d'identification : 24220 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Pictou Charcoal Iron Co., Bridgeville, N.S. The
returns of output have not yet been filed, but a very notable
point in connection with the operations of this company is that
it is just on the point of installing a steel converting plant,
and will use the largest portion of the output in that way,
finishing it into the highest quality of agricultural implement
steel for the home market. This is a striking illustration of the
effect of the Dominion Act of 1694, which provided for the
payment of a bounty of 12 per ton on ail steel billets
manufactured in Canada from Canadian pig iron".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

6 No d'identification : 24221 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "The Hamilton Iron and Steel Co. The new furnace with
a capacity of 100 tons per day goes into blast immediately. At
the start a large proportion of this company's ore will be the
product of American mines, but they look to the Act of the
legislature of Ontario, Session 1894, (which provided for the
payment of SI.00 per ton on the pig metal product of iron ore,
raised or smelted in the Province of Ontario) to bring about an
almost immediate development of the mines of the Province. In the
meantime the Hamilton Iron and Steel Co. will naturally have to
waive claim to the Dominion bounty of $2.00 per ton, so that it is
entirely in their interest to push forward the exploration and
development of Ontario mines and thus give the real benefit of
the industry to Canadian labor. Under present circumstances,
Ontario not possessing coal mines, and the question of the
economical transportation and handling of Lower Province coal,
being as yet unsolved, the Hamilton Iron and Steel Co. will have
to use American fuel, which unfortunately means that one-half of
the labor benefit of the industry will go to a rival market.
Under the circumstances the Dominion Government will probably
restrict the Federal bounty to a sum proportionate to the amount
of Canadian labor employed in the industry; this is a protection
to the coal miners and charcoal burners of the other Provinces".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

7 No d'identification : 24222 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Specifie as against ad valorem duty. As far as
pig-iron is concerned, a specifie duty is the only fair and
sensible basis. In the first place it is the simplest to apply;
and does avay with possibility of fraud. It would simply be
impossible for an appraiser, expert or not, to determine whether
pig-iron was worth $12.00 per ton or $25.00, so that there
would. as far as high grade iron is concerned, be a wide opening
for entering at fraudulent figures, if an ad valorem duty was
applied. Then again, an ad valorem duty would mean a tendency to
lower the grade of iron imported, and therefore the class of work
produced in this country".

George E. Drummond, «The Canadian Pig Iron Industry», Canadian Mining Review (1896) : 12.

8 No d'identification : 24230 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Drummond expose différents points de vue sur la
pertinence des politiques d'encouragement à la production de fer
en gueuse au Canada. Un des points à considérer [...] (citation) The
necessity of protecting Canadian labor against the lover range of
pages paid to European workmen must be considered, and the equal
necessity of protecting Canadian capital in the initial stages of
the enterprise, against the developed industries of the United
States and Great Britain (...) The Association is indebted to
Messrs. C.A. Meissner of Londonderry, N.S., and John J.Drummond of
Radnor Forges, for the following comparative figures, showing
wages paid for labor in Canada as against the rates paid in
European markets.

Blast furnacemen Coal Mining Iron Ore Iron ore
Laborers Laborers (Mining laborers)

Canada 1,20$/day avg 1,60$/day avg 1,30$
Belgium 0,58$ 0,83$ -
Germany 0,68$ 0,68$ 0,72$
Great-Bretain 1,06$ 1,08$ -
Sweden 0,40$ 0,65$ 0,65$

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 57-58.

9 No d'identification : 24234 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) En 1894, le gouvernement ontarien légifère... (Citation)
"An Act relating to mines and mining lands, by which Ontario
appropriated the sum of $125,000 to aid miners and producers of
iron ores in developing the ore deposits of that province. Clause
2 of the said Act authorized the treasurer of the province to pay out
to miners, or producers of ore, upon ail ores which shall be
raised or rained and smelted in that province, for a period of
five years from Ist July, 1894, the equivalent of S1.00 per ton on
the pig metal products of such ore, this to a maximum of $25,000
per annum". (p. 68)
(Résumé) The local legislature decided that the encouragement
of the Federal government to the manufacturer of
iron from native ores, which amounted to a combined duty and
bonus of $6.00 per ton, was insufficient to bring about a
successful establishment of the industry.
Selon le point de vue de Drummond, cet "Act" devrait être
révoqué, puisqu'il nuit aux autres provinces qui ne peuvent se
payer une telle forme de subvention. Le gouvernement fédéral
devrait être le seul à pouvoir intervenir en ce sens.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 68-69.

10 No d'identification : 24239 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Dans le cadre d'une enquête menée par a "Dominion
Government Tariff Commission où il est question des subventions a
la production et des tarifs protecteurs, le point de vue des
fermiers québécois est mentionné.
(Citation) "A very notable illustration of the value of the
Charcoal Iron Industry cornes from the farmers of the Province of
Quebec, hundreds of whom have recently signed a petition to the
Dominion Government, asking that the industry be preserved to
them. Firstly - Because it is one of the very few rural
industries that they enjoy, and because, through the resident
employes at the works, it provides a ready cash market for farm
products. Secondly - Because without it, they would be deprived
of a cash market for the bog iron ore existing on their own and
neighboring lands. Thirdly - Because the opérations of the
furnace provide them with a profitable market for the vaste hard
woods, which they are compelled to clear from their lands in
preparing same for agricultural pursuits. Finally, the petition
points out, that without the labor afforded by the existence of
Charcoal iron furnaces, they, as farmers, would be compelled,
through climatic conditions, to exist for twelve months of each
year upon the profits derivable from five month's work in their
ordinary agricultural pursuits.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 55-56.

11 No d'identification : 24241 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "In Canada, uncertainty as to tariff matters, the
somewhat natural outcome of the recent change in government, has
served, in the case of some of the furnaces, to restrict the
production of iron dunng 1896, but on the other hand, as
predicted last year, the advent of the Hamilton furnace makes
1896, in the point of gross tonnage, one of the best years that
Canada has ever seen".

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 47.

12 No d'identification : 24243 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Selon Drummond, l'implantation des industries du fer de
l'Angleterre, de l'Allemagne et des États-Unis doit son succès à
la politique des tarifs protecteurs.
(Citation) "In the U.S., the year closes without significant
disaster, with an output of iron close upon that of the previous
gear, and with returning confidence, born of faith in the strong
national fiscal policy foreshadowed by the newly elected
president and his party". (p. 46)
(Résumé) Les élections présidentielles ont toujours une grande
influence sur le marché du fer aux E.U, (Citation) "In 1896, the
almost revolutionary programme adopted by the Chicago convention
in the early summer, and upon which the presidental contest was
waged, wellnigh paralyzed the financial energies of the nation,
and it is therefore ail the more remarkable that the natural
strenght of the American Iron industry was so great" [...] during
that year.

George E. Drummond, «Review of the Pig Iron Trade of 1896», Journal of The Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1897) : 46 et 49.

13 No d'identification : 24269 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Citation) "Dunng the earlier months of the year the Nova Scotian
furnaces, as vell as the one situated at Hamilton, Ont. were
practicaily closed down, awaiting the décision of the Government
regarding tariff questions affecting the industry. That happily
settled, the furnaces went to work. (the Hamilton furnace as late
as 29th June) with the result that at the close of the year the
returns show an output of coke iron pretty well up to that of 1696,
and an increased output in charcoal iron".

Joseph Obalski, «Mining in Quebec in 1897», The Journal of Federated Canadian Mining Institute (1898 ) : 200.

14 No d'identification : 24277 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Le document contient un historique des droits miniers
dans la province de Québec, avec les différentes législations qui
lui sont reliées.

T. C. Denis, «Mining rights in Seignories in the Province of Quebec», The Journal of the Canadian Mining Institute (1911) : 591-595.

15 No d'identification : 24289 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
Intégral "On trouve du fer en abondance dans toutes les parties
de la Puissance à l'exception de Manitoba, mais on y porte peu
d'attention, même dans la Nouvelle-Écosse où le minerai est
extrêmement pur et est la seule province où on trouve à la fois
le combustible et le minerai. La production est limitée dans les
mines d'Acadie à Londonderry. Il est à espérer que
l'augmentation des droits imposés par le gouvernement sur le fer
et l'acier en 1887 aura l'effet de développer cette industrie."

Annuaire du Canada (1887) : 346-347.

16 No d'identification : 24303 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "Ce qui a jusqu'ici empêché le développement des
industries minières est le manque de capital et le fait qu'un
certain nombre d'entreprises ont été tout à fait spéculatives, ce
qui a fait jeter des soupçons sur des entreprises de bonne foi et
on induit les capitalistes à placer leurs capitaux ailleurs; mais
comme les explorations de la commission géologique font de mieux
en mieux connaître la localité des minéraux et que la politique
du gouvernement stimule la production, nos ressources minérales
attirent de plus en plus l'attention du public".

Annuaire du Canada (1891) : 308.

17 No d'identification : 24306 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "En 1893, il y avait en Canada six hauts-fourneaux en
activité: deux à la Nouvelle-Écosse, deux à Québec et un dans
Ontario", (p. 114)
(Résumé) En vue de stimuler l'industrie du fer, le gouvernement
fédéral a décidé de payer une prime par tonne pour la fonte
produite au Canada. Cette mesure a été adoptée en 1883, et elle
fut modifiée en 1689, 1892, et 1897. De plus, en 1894, une loi
est adoptée pour le paiement d'une prime sur la production de
fonte et de fer au Canada à partir de minerai canadien. La loi
comprend diverses dispositions dépendant qu'il s'agit de fer en
gueuse, en barre, etc. pp. 114-115.
(Résumé) Le gouvernement de l'Ontario a lui aussi adopté une loi
permettant le paiement d'une prime sur la production de fonte
ontarienne tirée du minerai ontarien, en vue de stimuler ces
industries dans la province, p. 115.
(Intégral) "Par l'effet de la prime accordée par le gouvernement
fédéral, la production du fer en gueuse, de 29,593 tonnes en
1884, s'est élevée a 53,948 tonnes en 1896. pp. 114-115.

Annuaire du Canada (1896) : 114-115.

18 No d'identification : 24447 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) L'auteur présente les différents points de vue apportés
à une session de la Tariff Commission tenue en janvier 1906 en N.E,
La question centrale est la suivante: "related to the continuance
of the present duties on coal and iron, a majority of the
producers are asking that the duty (or its equivalent the bounty)
on iron, both in the metallic state and in ores, should be
increased". (p.44)
Les points de vue mentionnes sont ceux du professeur J.E. Woodman,
Dalhousie Collège de Nouvelle-Ecosse, qui se fait le porte parole
d'un comité spécial de la Mining Society de Nouvelle-Ecosse. Le
plaidoyer porte sur le fait que l'aide aux producteurs de minerai
devrait être traitée distinctement de celle apportée aux
producteurs de fonte et fer. En Nouvelle-écosse ces derniers
n'utilisent que des minerais importés, sauf la Londonderry Iron
and Mining. La production de minerai local est en danger
d'extinction. Les solutions proposées sont:ne pas imposer de tarifs a l'importation de minerai étranger mai
plutôt, prélever une taxe servant au versement d'une prime aux p
producteurs locaux de minerai.
- Payer cette prime directement aux producteurs. La prime devrait
être de 50 cents la tonne de minerai de 50% de métal.
- Le point de vue de J. Drummond, président de la Londonderry
Iron & Mining Co. est signalé. Celui-ci favorise une [certains mots illisibles]
producteurs locaux de minerai.
- Payer cette prime directement aux producteurs. La prime devrait
être de 50 cents la tonne de minerai de 50% de métal.
- Le point de vue de J. Drummond, président de la Londonberry
Iron & Mining Co. est signalé. Celui-ci favorise une
augmentation des octrois sur la production de fonte, à partir
de minerai canadien.
- Certains intervenants suggèrent même que le gouvernement
provincial puisse intervenir en offrant des octrois, évoquant
alors le cas ontarien.

The Canadian Mining Review, vol. 26 (1906) : 44-45.

19 No d'identification : 24451 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Résumé) Lors d'une réunion du C.A. du Canadian Mining
Institute... (citation) "Resolved that in the opinion of this
Institute, the Dominion Government should enact legislation
providing for the payment of a bounty of $3 per ton on pig iron
he product of ores raised or mined in Canada or Newfoundland.
The act to remain in force for five years from date of passage;
and that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the Premier,
Sir Wilfnd Laurier [...]". (p. 26)
(Résumé) On propose également la levée des tarifs sur le
"bituminous coal"... (Citation) "bituminous coal should be
admitted into central Canada free on duty when used exclusively
for the manufacture of coke for use in blast-furnaces producting
pig iron [...]".

The Canadian Mining Review, vol. 26 (1906) : 26.

20 No d'identification : 24764 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
"Canada Iron Furnace Co. Ltd.
Incorporated by Dominion charter under date 29th Novembre 1809.
Authorized Capital $200,000, to be increased at an early date to
Directors: P.H. Griffin, Buffalo, N.Y., Président
G.E. Drummond, Montreal
T.J. Drummond, Montreal
J.T. McCall, Montreal
Robert Schott, Sheffield, Eng.
Hon. T. Guilford Smith, Buffalo."

The Canadian Mining Manual and Companies Directory (1894) : 349.

21 No d'identification : 24774 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
"Montreal Car Wheel Company, Montreal. - Incorporated 4th July.
1888. Authorized capital $75,000, in shares of $100. Directors,
George E. Drummond. Montreal; P.H. Griffin. Buffalo, N.Y.; Thos.
T. Drummond, Montreal, Managing Director. Head Office, New York
Life Building, Montreal. Works. Lachine, Que. 100 persons
employed. Capacity 75 tons."

The Canadian Mining Manual and Companies Directory (1895).

22 No d'identification : 24795 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "The protective policy of 1887 resulted in the
purchase and reconstruction of the works at Radnor Forges by the
Canada Iron Furnace Co. Ltd.. and the modem furnace now in
operation there was built in 1691. Since that date 32,000 tons of
he very highest class of charcoal metal has been successfully
produced and has found a market not only at home, in competition
with American charcoal iron, but the product ("C.I.F." Charcoal
Pig) has found it way in foreign markets, where it has attracted
unusual attention from leading engineers."

The Canadian Mining Iron and Steel Manual (1897) : 78-79.

23 No d'identification : 24802 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "Canada Iron Furnace Co., Limited. Incorporated by
Dominion Charter under date 29th November 1899. Authorized
Capital, $1,000,000; paidup, $510,000; bond issue, $200,000. of
5 per cent, twenty-year gold bonds, maturing November 1917."

The Canadian Mining Manual and Mining Companies (1901) : 40 ou 46.

24 No d'identification : 24807 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral) "Canada Iron Furnace Co.. Limited,
Incorporated by Dominion Charter under date 29th of November,
1899. Authorized capital $1,000.000; paid $577,500. bond issue
$200,000. of 5 per cent, twenty-year gold bonds, maturing
November 1917. Sinking fund provided for by an investment in
Government bonds".

The Canadian Mining Manual and Mining Companies (1903) : 38.

25 No d'identification : 24816 Fonds : Sidérurgie
  Information documentaire
(Intégral, partiel) "The quantity of ore mined in British
Columbia, always small, has fallen off also since 1899 and
represents material used locally and also in the United States
for fluxing purposes in smelters treating other metallic ores."

Com. geol. du Canada, Rapport annuel, 1900, Ottawa, S.E. Dawson, 1903 : 59.